Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) is a security measure that asks a user to provide a piece of information that only they know prior to logging into a service.
You can see 2FA under various names like Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA), Dual-Factor Authentication, or 2-Step Verification. 2FA is widely used especially in situations where security is especially important, such as for online banking.
The 2FA Significance
You might have heard of a type of online attack called a ‘brute force’ attack. These are all too common and involve an automated bot that tries to guess the username and password of a user on a website. Repeated login attempts are made until access is gained. These types of attacks are relatively easy to mitigate by locking down access to a login page when repeated, unsuccessful attempts are made.
But what happens if the bot ‘gets lucky’ and manages to login prior to a pre-defined number of unsuccessful attempts being reached? Or, more likely how can malicious logins to websites and apps be prevented by users who have stolen login credentials? The latter is of a particular problem with barely a day going by without a high-profile business reporting a data breach that may, or may not, have compromised some of their customer’s data.
A more robust way of ensuring that you and only you are able to login to a website/app/account is by using a system called Two-Factor Authentication.
How Does Two-Factor Authentication Work?
Two-factor authentication works by requiring the user to enter not only their username and password on login but also a second piece of information that is generated separately and that will continually vary. This typically is in the form of a 6-digit code sent via SMS to the users mobile phone. The idea behind this is that only the genuine user will have access to this device thereby thwarting login attempts that are undertaken by brute force or as a result of a data breach that reveals usernames and passwords.
Since the inception of 2FA, authentication apps have become more prevalent. Instead of using SMS messages to send users one-time passcodes, an app that is installed on the user’s devices generates random codes instead. This is recognized as being even more secure as an authentication method as it eliminates the possibility of an SMS message being intercepted or, a mobile number being cloned or spoofed.
Authentication App Options
There are plenty of excellent two-factor authentication apps that can be used to generate the required login codes.
Two Factor Authentication On Your WordPress Site
It’s not only banking websites that can benefit from 2FA… your own WordPress website can as well! Hackers love to target just about any CMS and WordPress is no exception. Using the right hosting provider and well as making sure your website is kept up-to-date can go a long way in thwarting any hacking attempt. Adding 2FA to your WordPress website makes it even harder for unauthorized users to access your site.
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Because it’s WordPress, you’ll find no shortage of excellent plugins that can help you setup 2FA quickly and easily. Let’s take a look at a few.
The WP 2FA Plugin
The WP 2FA – Two-factor Authentication plugin is a popular solution. Once you install and activate the WP 2FA plugin, you will see this screen:
Follow the wizard, it will walk you through setting up all the necessary options and more:
- The primary 2FA methods you will allow users to choose from.
- The options on whether you want to force 2FA on all or some users or roles.
- The grace period during which users will have to configure 2FA.
- The configuration of the 2FA authentication.
Skip the wizard and you can find all these settings under the plugin’s menu and the extra section that is added at the bottom of your profile’s admin screen (under Users > Profile).
The plugin also allows you to choose whether you want all the 2FA-related data to be deleted from the database upon plugin uninstall.
The Two-Factor Plugin
The Two-Factor plugin developed by Plugin Contributors is a user-friendly plugin that is quick to setup.
It adds a section under Users > Your Profile, where you can enable the authentication methods and select which will be primary. There are available configurations for Email Authentication codes, Time Based One-Time Password (TOTP), FIDO U2F Security Keys and Backup Verification Codes.
The plugin also offers a list of action and filter hooks that can come in handy for developers.
The Google Authenticator Plugin
The Google Authenticator plugin is another popular 2FA plugin that can be utilized to enhance your WordPress site’s security. This completely free plugin provides a wide variety of two-factor authentication options, including SMS and, of course, using the Google Authenticator app. Very little time or effort is required to get this set up. When you activate the plugin, you’ll see some on-screen options you can configure under Settings > Google Authenticator.
Just choose the roles to which the 2FA will be applied and save the settings. Pretty easy.
2FA – The Pressidium Dashboard
To further help protect your WordPress websites, you can choose to activate 2FA for your Dashboard login. Check out our KB article on this feature.
For important websites, 2FA really should now be considered mandatory. If you’ve been given the option of adding 2FA to any of your accounts but chosen not to do this, it might be worth thinking again! For WordPress websites, enabling 2FA login is pretty easy. With little to lose, why not make it even harder for a hacker to ruin your day (well, your website at least!).
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